The body of science debunks the claim that low-calorie sweeteners uniquely cause weight gain. For instance, a randomized clinical trial published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition concluded that those who consumed diet beverages in place of caloric ones consumed fewer calories than other control groups, including those who consumed only water. Moreover, the study referenced here that alleges low-calorie soda adversely impacts gut microbes fails to prove its claims. As the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics has said: “consumers can safely enjoy a range of nutritive and nonnutritive sweeteners when consumed within an eating plan that is guided by current federal nutrition recommendations, such as the Dietary Guidelines for Americans and the Dietary Reference Intakes, as well as individual health goals and personal preference.”